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RR Donnelley Reports First-Quarter 2016 Results

05/03/2016

RR Donnelley Reports First-Quarter 2016 Results

May 03, 2016

 

CHICAGO, May 03, 2016 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) --  R.R. Donnelley & Sons Company (NASDAQ:RRD) today reported financial results for the first quarter of 2016.

Highlights:

  • First-quarter net sales of $2.7 billion declined 3.4% from the first quarter of 2015; organic net sales declined 3.1% from the first quarter of 2015
  • First-quarter GAAP net earnings attributable to common shareholders of $39.8 million, or $0.19 per diluted share, compared to GAAP net earnings attributable to common shareholders in the first quarter of 2015 of $22.3 million, or $0.11 per diluted share
  • First-quarter non-GAAP net earnings attributable to common shareholders of $47.2 million, or $0.22 per diluted share, compared to non-GAAP net earnings attributable to common shareholders in the first quarter of 2015 of $51.9 million, or $0.26 per diluted share
  • First-quarter non-GAAP adjusted EBITDA of $250.2 million, or 9.4% of net sales, compared to $259.3 million, or 9.4% of net sales, in the first quarter of 2015 
  • Company reiterates full-year 2016 guidance

"We are pleased with our first-quarter results.  While the demand environment remained challenging, our disciplined cost management allowed us to hold EBITDA margin flat compared to last year's first quarter.  In addition, we saw a marked improvement in the year-over-year revenue trend as the quarter progressed," said Thomas J. Quinlan III, RR Donnelley's President and Chief Executive Officer. 

Quinlan continued, "Our outlook for the full year is in line with our previous guidance, which we reiterate today.  We are focused on achieving these expectations, and at the same time, we are making significant progress on the spin-offs of LSC Communications and Donnelley Financial Solutions, both of which remain on track to be completed in October."

Net Sales 
Net sales in the quarter were $2.7 billion, down $94.7 million, or 3.4%, from the first quarter of 2015.  After adjusting for the impact of acquisitions and dispositions, as well as changes in foreign exchange rates and pass-through paper sales, organic sales decreased 3.1% from the first quarter of 2015, as an increase in the International segment only partially offset declines in the Strategic Services, Variable Print and Publishing and Retail Services segments. 

GAAP Earnings
First-quarter 2016 net earnings attributable to common shareholders were $39.8 million, or $0.19 per diluted share, compared to net earnings attributable to common shareholders of $22.3 million, or $0.11 per diluted share, in the first quarter of 2015.  The first-quarter net earnings attributable to common shareholders included pre-tax charges of $9.9 million and $60.2 million in 2016 and 2015, respectively, all of which are excluded from the presentation of non-GAAP net earnings attributable to common shareholders.  Additional details regarding the amount and nature of these and other items are included in the attached schedules. 

Non-GAAP Earnings
Non-GAAP adjusted EBITDA in the first quarter of 2016 was $250.2 million, compared to $259.3 million in the first quarter of 2015.  Non-GAAP adjusted EBITDA margin in the first quarter of 2016 was 9.4%, flat to the first quarter of 2015, as productivity improvements and higher pension income offset price pressure.  

Non-GAAP net earnings attributable to common shareholders totaled $47.2 million, or $0.22 per diluted share, in the first quarter of 2016 compared to $51.9 million, or $0.26 per diluted share, in the first quarter of 2015.  Reconciliations of net earnings attributable to common shareholders to non-GAAP adjusted EBITDA and non-GAAP net earnings attributable to common shareholders are presented in the attached schedules. 

2016 Guidance
The Company reiterates the following full-year guidance for 2016, which remains unchanged from previous guidance and excludes the impact of the previously announced pending spin-off transactions: 

   
  Current Guidance
Net sales $11.3 to $11.5 billion
Non-GAAP adjusted EBITDA margin 10.4% to 10.6%
Depreciation and amortization $430 to $440 million
Interest expense $260 to $270 million
Non-GAAP effective tax rate 34% to 35%
Diluted share count Approximately 211 million
Capital expenditures $200 to $225 million
Free cash flow(1) $400 to $500 million

(1)  Defined as operating cash flow less capital expenditures 

Conference Call
RR Donnelley will host a conference call and simultaneous webcast to discuss its first-quarter results today, Tuesday, May 3, at 10:00 a.m. Eastern Time (9:00 a.m. Central Time).  The live webcast will be accessible on RR Donnelley's web site: www.rrdonnelley.com.  Individuals wishing to participate must register in advance at http://www.meetme.net/rrd.  After registering, participants will receive dial-in numbers, a passcode, and a personal identification number (PIN) that is used to uniquely identify their presence and automatically join them into the audio conference.  A webcast replay will be archived on the Company's web site for 30 days after the call.  In addition, a telephonic replay of the call will be available for seven days at 630.652.3042, passcode 6908506#. 

About RR Donnelley
RR Donnelley (Nasdaq:RRD) helps organizations communicate more effectively by working to create, manage, produce, distribute and process content on behalf of our customers. The Company assists customers in developing and executing multichannel communication strategies that engage audiences, reduce costs, drive revenues and increase compliance. RR Donnelley's innovative technologies enhance digital and print communications to deliver integrated messages across multiple media to highly targeted audiences at optimal times for clients in virtually every private and public sector. Strategically located operations provide local service and responsiveness while leveraging the economic, geographic and technological advantages of a global organization. 

For more information, and for RR Donnelley's Global Social Responsibility Report, visit the Company's web site at http://www.rrdonnelley.com

Use of non-GAAP Information
This news release contains certain non-GAAP measures.  The Company believes that these non-GAAP measures, when presented in conjunction with comparable GAAP measures, are useful because that information is an appropriate measure for evaluating the Company's operating performance.  Internally, the Company uses this non-GAAP information as an indicator of business performance, and evaluates management's effectiveness with specific reference to these indicators.  These measures should be considered in addition to, not a substitute for, or superior to, measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. 

Use of Forward-Looking Statements
This news release includes certain "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of, and subject to the safe harbor created by, Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, with respect to the business, strategy and plans of RR Donnelley and its expectations relating to future financial condition and performance. These statements include all those regarding the previously announced pending spin-off transactions and all of the items under the column labeled "Current Guidance" in the table included under the "2016 Guidance" section. Statements that are not historical facts, including statements about RR Donnelley management's beliefs and expectations, are forward-looking statements. Words such as "believes," "anticipates," "estimates," "expects," "intends," "aims," "potential," "will," "would," "could," "considered," "likely," "estimate" and variations of these words and similar future or conditional expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements but are not the exclusive means of identifying such statements. While RR Donnelley believes these expectations, assumptions, estimates and projections are reasonable, such forward-looking statements are only predictions and involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond RR Donnelley's control. By their nature, forward-looking statements involve risk and uncertainty because they relate to events and depend upon future circumstances that may or may not occur. Actual results may differ materially from RR Donnelley's current expectations depending upon a number of factors affecting the business and risks associated with the performance of the business. These factors include such risks and uncertainties detailed in RR Donnelley's periodic public filings with the SEC, including but not limited to those discussed under the "Risk Factors" section in RR Donnelley's Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015, those discussed under the "Cautionary Statement" and "Other Information" sections in RR Donnelley's quarterly Form 10-Q filings, and other filings with the SEC and in other investor communications of RR Donnelley from time to time. RR Donnelley does not undertake to and specifically declines any obligation to publicly release the results of any revisions to these forward-looking statements that may be made to reflect future events or circumstances after the date of such statement or to reflect the occurrence of anticipated or unanticipated events. 

 
 R. R. Donnelley & Sons Company 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015
(UNAUDITED)
(in millions, except per share data)
 
               March 31, 2016   December 31, 2015 
Assets                
                 
     Cash and cash equivalents      $   263.7   $   389.6  
     Receivables, less allowances for doubtful accounts    1,948.6     2,000.4  
     Inventories          607.3     592.0  
     Prepaid expenses and other current assets    117.4     119.7  
  Total Current Assets            2,937.0       3,101.7  
     Property, plant and equipment - net      1,412.4     1,448.1  
     Goodwill          1,747.1     1,743.6  
     Other intangible assets - net      420.4     438.0  
     Deferred income taxes        177.0     178.2  
     Other noncurrent assets        392.2     369.7  
Total Assets       $    7,086.1   $    7,279.3  
                 
Liabilities                
                 
     Accounts payable        $   1,009.2   $   1,322.3  
     Accrued liabilities        779.5     780.4  
     Short-term and current portion of long-term debt    634.4     234.6  
  Total Current Liabilities            2,423.1       2,337.3  
     Long-term debt          2,942.9     3,188.3  
     Pension liabilities        489.6     514.4  
     Other postretirement benefits plan liabilities    169.4     168.8  
     Other noncurrent liabilities      363.6     373.9  
Total Liabilities          6,388.6       6,582.7  
                 
Equity                
                 
     Common stock, $1.25 par value        333.7       333.7  
     Authorized shares: 500.0     
     Issued shares: 267.0 in 2016 and 2015     
     Additional paid-in capital        3,135.2     3,164.3  
     Accumulated deficit        (635.1 )   (620.6 )
     Accumulated other comprehensive loss    (776.1 )   (793.2 )
     Treasury stock, at cost, 57.6 shares in 2016 (2015 - 58.2 shares)    (1,373.9 )   (1,401.5 )
  Total RR Donnelley shareholders' equity      683.8     682.7  
  Noncontrolling interests          13.7     13.9  
Total Equity        697.5       696.6  
Total Liabilities and Equity    $    7,086.1   $    7,279.3  
 
 R. R. Donnelley & Sons Company   
 Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations   
 For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2016 and 2015   
 (UNAUDITED)   
 (in millions, except per share data)   
                   
   For the Three Months Ended March 31,      
   2 0 1 6
GAAP 
 ADJUSTMENTS
TO NON-GAAP 
 2 0 1 6
NON-GAAP 
   2 0 1 5
GAAP 
 ADJUSTMENTS
TO NON-GAAP 
 2 0 1 5
NON-GAAP 
   
 Total net sales  $    2,651.4   $    -    $    2,651.4     $    2,746.1   $    -    $    2,746.1      
                   
 Total cost of sales (1)      2,082.1       -        2,082.1         2,166.4       -        2,166.4      
                   
 Total gross profit (1)      569.3       -        569.3         579.7       -        579.7      
                   
 Selling, general and administrative expenses (SG&A) (1)      331.6       (12.5 )     319.1         330.9       (10.5 )     320.4      
 Restructuring, impairment and other charges - net      9.7       (9.7 )     -          19.8       (19.8 )     -       
 Depreciation and amortization      107.0       -        107.0         113.4       -        113.4      
 Other operating income      (12.3 )     12.3       -          -        -        -       
 Income from operations      133.3       9.9       143.2         115.6       30.3       145.9      
                   
 Interest expense - net      68.2       -        68.2         69.0       -        69.0      
 Investment and other expense (income) - net      -        -        -          28.3       (29.9 )     (1.6 )    
                   
 Earnings before income taxes      65.1       9.9       75.0         18.3       60.2       78.5      
                   
 Income tax expense      25.0       2.5       27.5         6.4       20.2       26.6      
                   
 Net earnings      40.1       7.4       47.5         11.9       40.0       51.9      
                   
 Less: Income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests      0.3       -        0.3         (10.4 )     10.4       -       
                   
                   
 Net earnings attributable to RR Donnelley common
 shareholders 
$    39.8   $    7.4   $    47.2     $    22.3   $    29.6   $    51.9      
                   
 Net earnings per share attributable to RR Donnelley common shareholders:                       
 Basic net earnings per share  $    0.19     $    0.23     $    0.11     $    0.26      
 Diluted net earnings per share  $    0.19     $    0.22     $    0.11     $    0.26      
 Weighted average common shares outstanding:                   
 Basic    209.6       209.6       200.6       200.6      
 Diluted    210.8       210.8       202.1       202.1      
                   
  Additional information:                   
 Gross margin (1)    21.5 %     21.5 %     21.1 %     21.1 %    
 SG&A as a % of net sales (1)    12.5 %     12.0 %     12.0 %     11.7 %    
 Operating margin    5.0 %     5.4 %     4.2 %     5.3 %    
 Effective tax rate    38.4 %     36.7 %     35.0 %     33.9 %    
                   
 (1)  Exclusive of depreciation and amortization                   
The Company believes that certain non-GAAP measures, when presented in conjunction with comparable GAAP measures, are useful because that information is an appropriate
measure for evaluating the Company's operating performance.  Internally, the Company uses this non-GAAP information as an indicator of business performance, and evaluates
management's effectiveness with specific reference to this indicator. These measures should be considered in addition to, not a substitute for, or superior to, measures of financial
performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. 
   
R.R. Donnelley & Sons Company  
Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Measures  
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2016 and 2015  
(UNAUDITED)  
(in millions, except per share data)  
                           
                           
    For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2016   For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2015  
                            Net earnings   Net earnings                           Net earnings   Net earnings  
                            attributable to   attributable to                           attributable to   attributable to   
            Income from     Operating   common   common shareholders           Income from   Operating   common   common shareholders  
    SG&A   operations     margin   shareholders   per diluted share   SG&A   operations   margin   shareholders   per diluted share  
GAAP basis measures $   331.6     $   133.3       5.0 %   $   39.8     $   0.19     $   330.9     $   115.6       4.2 %   $   22.3     $   0.11    
                           
Non-GAAP adjustments:                        
  Restructuring charges - net (1)     -          9.1       0.3 %       9.3       0.04         -          17.8       0.7 %       2.8         0.02    
  Impairment charges - net (2)     -          (0.8 )     0.0 %       (0.8 )     0.00         -          0.7       0.0 %       0.1       0.00    
  Other charges (3)     -          1.4       0.1 %       1.5       0.01         -          1.3       0.0 %       0.2       0.00    
  Spinoff-related transaction expenses (4)      (11.9 )       11.9       0.4 %       9.1       0.04         -          -          -          -          -     
  Acquisition-related expenses (5)     (0.6 )       0.6       0.1 %       0.6       0.00         (10.5 )       10.5       0.4 %       10.5         0.05    
  Gain on disposals of businesses (6)     -          (12.3 )     (0.5 %)       (12.3 )     (0.06 )       -          -          -          -          -     
  Venezuela currency remeasurement (7)     -          -          -          -          -          -          -          -          16.0         0.08    
  Total Non-GAAP adjustments     (12.5 )       9.9       0.4 %       7.4         0.03         (10.5 )       30.3       1.1 %       29.6         0.15    
Non-GAAP measures $   319.1     $   143.2       5.4 %   $   47.2     $   0.22     $   320.4     $   145.9       5.3 %   $   51.9     $   0.26    
                           
 (1) Restructuring charges - net: Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 were affected by the following pre-tax restructuring charges:  
                           
          2016       2015                    
  Employee termination costs (a)     $   5.0     $   14.2                    
  Other restructuring charges (b)         4.1         3.6                    
  Total restructuring charges - net     $    9.1     $    17.8                    
                           
  (a) For the three months ended March 31, 2016, employee termination costs resulted from the announcement of two facility closures in the International segment and the reorganization of certain operations.  For the three months ended March 31, 2015, employee termination costs resulted from one facility closure in the International segment, one facility closure in the Variable Print segment and the reorganization of certain operations.   
  (b) Includes lease termination and other facility costs.  
                           
 (2) Impairment charges - net: Included income primarily related to the gains on sales of previously impaired long-lived assets for the three months ended March 31, 2016.  For the three months ended March 31, 2015, operating results were affected by other long-lived asset impairment charges.  
                           
 (3) Other charges: Recognition of charges related to the Company's multi-employer pension plan withdrawal obligations unrelated to facility closures.   
                           
 (4) Spinoff-related transaction expenses: Included pre-tax charges of $11.9 million ($9.1 million after-tax) related to consulting, tax advice, legal and other expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2016 associated with the proposed spinoff transactions.  
                           
 (5) Acquisition-related expenses: Legal, accounting and other expenses associated with completed or contemplated acquisitions.  
                           
 (6) Gain on disposals of businesses: Included pre-tax gain on the sales of two entities in the International segment of $12.3 million ($12.3 million after-tax) for the three months ended March 31, 2016.  
                           
 (7) Venezuela currency remeasurement: Currency remeasurement in Venezuela and the related impact of the devaluation resulted in a pre-tax loss of $29.9 million ($26.3 million after-tax) for the three months ended March 31, 2015, of which $10.3 million was included in loss attributable to noncontrolling interests.   
                           
 R. R. Donnelley & Sons Company 
 Segment GAAP to Non-GAAP Operating Income and Non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA and Margin Reconciliation 
 For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 
 (UNAUDITED)  
(in millions)
                 
      Publishing and    Strategic       
       Retail Services   Variable Print   Services   International   Corporate   Consolidated 
                 
 For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2016           
 Net sales      $   596.3   $   901.8   $   634.6   $   518.7   $   -    $   2,651.4  
 Income (loss) from operations          15.8       69.5       43.7       37.6       (33.3 )     133.3  
 Operating margin %        2.6 %   7.7 %   6.9 %   7.2 %   nm     5.0 %
                 
 Non-GAAP Adjustments                 
 Restructuring charges - net          1.6       1.1       0.8       5.2       0.4       9.1  
 Impairment charges - net          1.0       (0.3 )     -        (2.7 )     1.2       (0.8 )
 Other charges          0.8       0.4       0.2       -        -        1.4  
 Spinoff-related transaction expenses        -        -        -        -        11.9       11.9  
 Acquisition-related expenses          -        -        -        -        0.6       0.6  
 Gain on disposals of businesses          -        -        -        (12.3 )     -        (12.3 )
  Total Non-GAAP adjustments      3.4     1.2     1.0     (9.8 )   14.1     9.9  
                 
 Non-GAAP income (loss) from operations      $   19.2   $   70.7   $   44.7   $   27.8   $   (19.2 ) $   143.2  
 Non-GAAP operating margin %         3.2 %    7.8 %    7.0 %    5.4 %   nm      5.4 %
                 
 Depreciation and amortization          37.9       34.2       15.2       18.3       1.4       107.0  
 Non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA    $   57.1   $   104.9   $   59.9   $   46.1   $   (17.8 ) $   250.2  
 Non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA margin %    9.6 %   11.6 %   9.4 %   8.9 %   nm     9.4 %
                 
 Capital expenditures      $   5.9   $   15.5   $   11.3   $   8.9   $   6.5   $   48.1  
                 
 For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2015           
 Net sales      $   573.8   $   948.8   $   667.3   $   556.2   $   -    $   2,746.1  
 Income (loss) from operations          11.8       66.2       55.0       12.1       (29.5 )     115.6  
 Operating margin %        2.1 %   7.0 %   8.2 %   2.2 %   nm     4.2 %
                 
 Non-GAAP Adjustments                 
 Restructuring charges - net          3.9       3.3       2.1       7.9       0.6       17.8  
 Impairment charges - net          (0.4 )     1.3       -        (0.2 )     -        0.7  
 Other charges          0.8       0.4       0.1       -        -        1.3  
 Acquisition-related expenses          -        -        -        -      10.5       10.5  
  Total Non-GAAP adjustments      4.3     5.0     2.2     7.7     11.1     30.3  
                 
 Non-GAAP income (loss) from operations      $   16.1   $   71.2   $   57.2   $   19.8   $   (18.4 ) $   145.9  
 Non-GAAP operating margin %         2.8 %    7.5 %    8.6 %    3.6 %   nm      5.3 %
                 
 Depreciation and amortization          34.3       39.0       17.4       21.7       1.0       113.4  
 Non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA    $   50.4   $   110.2   $   74.6   $   41.5   $   (17.4 ) $   259.3  
 Non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA margin %    8.8 %   11.6 %   11.2 %   7.5 %   nm     9.4 %
                 
 Capital expenditures      $   12.5   $   9.5   $   11.9   $   12.2   $   2.4   $   48.5  
                 
 nm  Not meaningful                 
R. R. Donnelley & Sons Company  
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows  
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2016 and 2015  
(UNAUDITED)  
(in millions)  
                   
                2016     2015    
                   
                   
   Net earnings            $   40.1   $   11.9    
   Adjustment to reconcile net earnings to net cash used in operating activities    83.4     144.8    
   Changes in operating assets and liabilities          (308.3 )   (292.7 )  
   Pension and other postretirement benefits plan contributions    (8.0 )   (8.3 )  
 Net cash used in operating activities          $    (192.8 ) $    (144.3 )  
                   
   Capital expenditures            (48.1 )   (48.5 )  
   All other cash provided by investing activities          18.6     2.8    
 Net cash used in investing activities          $    (29.5 ) $    (45.7 )  
                   
 Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities    $    92.0   $    (47.6 )  
                   
 Effect of exchange rate on cash and cash equivalents            4.4       (21.6 )  
                   
 Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents        $    (125.9 ) $    (259.2 )  
                   
 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period            389.6     527.9    
                   
 Cash and cash equivalents at end of period        $    263.7   $    268.7    
                   
                   
 Additional Information:                
                2016     2015    
 For the Three Months Ended March 31:               
 Net cash used in operating activities          $   (192.8 ) $   (144.3 )  
 Less: capital expenditures              48.1     48.5    
 Free cash flow            $   (240.9 ) $   (192.8 )  
                   
 R.R. Donnelley & Sons Company 
 Reconciliation of Reported to Pro Forma Net Sales 
 For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 
 (UNAUDITED) 
(in millions)
 
                       
     Reported net sales     Adjustments (1)     Pro forma net sales   
 For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2016                       
 Publishing and Retail Services    $   596.3     $   -    $   596.3  
 Variable Print        901.8         -        901.8  
 Strategic Services        634.6         -        634.6  
 International        518.7         -        518.7  
 Consolidated    $   2,651.4     $   -    $   2,651.4  
         
 For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2015         
 Publishing and Retail Services    $   573.8     $   49.3   $   623.1  
 Variable Print        948.8         -        948.8  
 Strategic Services        667.3         7.5       674.8  
 International        556.2         3.8       560.0  
 Consolidated    $   2,746.1     $   60.6   $   2,806.7  
         
 Net sales change        
 Publishing and Retail Services      3.9 %       (4.3 %)
 Variable Print      (5.0 %)       (5.0 %)
 Strategic Services      (4.9 %)       (6.0 %)
 International      (6.7 %)       (7.4 %)
 Consolidated      (3.4 %)       (5.5 %)
         
 Supplementary non-GAAP information:         
         
 Year-over-year impact of changes in foreign exchange (FX) rates       
 Publishing and Retail Services          --- %
 Variable Print          (0.3 %)
 Strategic Services          (0.3 %)
 International          (5.7 %)
 Consolidated          (1.2 %)
         
 Approximate year-over-year impact of changes in pass-through paper sales    
 Publishing and Retail Services          (2.1 %)
 Variable Print          --- %
 Strategic Services          --- %
 International          --- %
 Consolidated          (0.5 %)
         
 Year-over-year impact of dispositions (2)        
 Publishing and Retail Services          --- %
 Variable Print          --- %
 Strategic Services          --- %
 International          (3.6 %)
 Consolidated          (0.7 %)
         
 
 Net organic sales change (3)         
 Publishing and Retail Services          (2.2 %)
 Variable Print          (4.7 %)
 Strategic Services          (5.7 %)
 International          1.9 %
 Consolidated          (3.1 %)
             
The reported results of the Company include the results of acquired businesses from the acquisition date forward. The Company has provided this schedule to reconcile reported net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2015 to pro forma net sales as if the 2015 acquisition took place as of January 1, 2015 for the purposes of this schedule.
 
There were no acquisitions during the three months ended March 31, 2016.
 
For the three months ended March 31, 2015, the adjustment for net sales of acquired businesses reflects the net sales of Courier Corporation ("Courier") (acquired June 8, 2015).
 
 (1) Adjusted for net sales of acquired business: Courier 
 (2) Adjusted for net sales of disposed businesses: Two entities in the International segment and the Venezuelan operating entity 
 (3) Adjusted for net sales of acquired and disposed businesses, the impact of changes in FX rates and pass-through paper sales 
   R.R. Donnelley & Sons Company 
   Reconciliation of GAAP Net Earnings to Non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA 
   For the Three and Twelve Months Ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 
   (UNAUDITED) 
  (in millions)
                   
      For the Twelve            
      Months Ended   For the Three Months Ended  
       March 31,
 2016 
   March 31,
 2016 
 December 31,
 2015 
 September 30,
 2015 
 June 30,
 2015 
 
                   
  GAAP net earnings attributable to RR Donnelley common shareholders   $    168.6     $    39.8   $    71.0   $    14.3   $    43.5    
                   
  Adjustments                
  Income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests       (2.0 )       0.3       0.3       (2.7 )     0.1    
  Income tax expense        148.0         25.0       50.3       39.7       33.0    
  Interest expense - net       275.2         68.2       68.8       69.0       69.2    
  Investment and other expense - net       15.3         -        0.4       3.0       11.9    
  Depreciation and amortization       447.6         107.0       112.5       115.3       112.8    
  Restructuring, impairment and other charges - net (1)       112.5         9.7       17.7       52.9       32.2    
  Acquisition-related expenses (2)       4.4         0.6       0.2       0.3       3.3    
  Spinoff-related transaction expenses (3)       25.5         11.9       6.9       6.7       -     
  Gain on disposals of businesses (4)       (12.3 )       (12.3 )     -        -        -     
  Purchase accounting inventory adjustments (5)       10.8         -        0.9       6.7       3.2    
  Total Non-GAAP adjustments       1,025.0         210.4       258.0       290.9       265.7    
                   
  Non-GAAP adjusted EBITDA   $    1,193.6     $    250.2   $    329.0   $    305.2   $    309.2    
                   
  Net sales   $   11,162.1     $   2,651.4   $   2,934.6   $   2,828.0   $   2,748.1    
  Non-GAAP adjusted EBITDA margin %     10.7 %     9.4 %   11.2 %   10.8 %   11.3 %  
                   
      For the Twelve            
      Months Ended   For the Three Months Ended  
       March 31,
 2015 
   March 31,
 2015 
 December 31,
 2014 
 September 30,
 2014 
 June 30,
 2014 
 
                   
  GAAP net earnings attributable to RR Donnelley common shareholders   $    168.7     $    22.3   $    19.5   $    62.2   $    64.7    
                   
  Adjustments                
  Income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests       (2.8 )       (10.4 )     4.1       2.6       0.9    
  Income tax expense (benefit)       56.2         6.4       (25.4 )     35.7       39.5    
  Interest expense - net       280.1         69.0       69.1       71.2       70.8    
  Investment and other expense - net       33.3         28.3       0.7       2.0       2.3    
  Depreciation and amortization       471.9         113.4       117.0       119.6       121.9    
  Restructuring, impairment and other charges - net (1)       108.3         19.8       45.8       19.9       22.8    
  Acquisition-related expenses (2)       11.4         10.5       0.4       -        0.5    
  Pension settlement charges (6)       95.7         -        95.7       -        -     
  Purchase accounting inventory adjustment (5)       2.2         -        -        -        2.2    
  Total Non-GAAP adjustments       1,056.3         237.0       307.4       251.0       260.9    
                   
  Non-GAAP adjusted EBITDA   $    1,225.0     $    259.3   $    326.9   $    313.2   $    325.6    
                   
  Net sales   $   11,675.7     $   2,746.1   $   3,069.3   $   2,957.8   $   2,902.5    
  Non-GAAP adjusted EBITDA margin %     10.5 %     9.4 %   10.7 %   10.6 %   11.2 %  
                   
                   
  (1) Restructuring, impairment and other charges- net: Pre-tax charges for employee termination costs, lease termination and other costs, including multi-employer pension plan withdrawal obligations as a result of facility closures, and impairment of goodwill, intangible assets and other long-lived assets.   
                   
  (2) Acquisition-related expenses: Legal, accounting and other expenses associated with completed or contemplated acquisitions.  
                   
  (3) Spinoff-related transaction expenses: Consulting, tax advice, legal and other expenses associated with the proposed spinoff transactions.  
                   
  (4) Gain on disposals of businesses: Gain on the sales of two entities in the International segment.  
                   
  (5) Purchase accounting inventory adjustments: Recognition of charges as a result of inventory purchase accounting adjustments.  
                   
  (6) Pension settlement charges: Pre-tax charges recognized for pension lump-sum settlement payments.  
                   
 R.R. Donnelley & Sons Company   
 Debt and Liquidity Summary   
 As of March 31, 2016 and 2015 and December 31, 2015   
 (UNAUDITED)   
 (in millions)   
                   
                   
Total Liquidity (1)     March 31, 2016   December 31, 2015   March 31, 2015  
Cash (2)     $   263.7     $   389.6     $   268.7    
Amount available under the Credit Agreement (3)         1,123.2         1,155.8         991.7    
            1,386.9         1,545.4         1,260.4    
                   
Usage                
Borrowings under Credit Agreement (3)         145.0         -          -     
Impact on availability related to outstanding letters of credit         -          -          -     
                   
Net Available Liquidity     $   1,241.9     $   1,545.4     $   1,260.4    
                   
                   
                   
 Short-term and current portion of long-term debt      $   634.4     $   234.6     $   203.3    
 Long-term debt          2,942.9         3,188.3         3,431.0    
 Total debt      $   3,577.3     $   3,422.9     $   3,634.3    
                   
 Non-GAAP adjusted EBITDA for the twelve months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 and the year ended December 31, 2015    $   1,193.6     $   1,202.7     $   1,225.0    
                   
 Non-GAAP Gross Leverage (defined as total debt divided by non-GAAP adjusted EBITDA)    3.0x     2.8x     3.0x    
                   
                   
(1) Liquidity does not include uncommitted credit facilities, located primarily outside of the U.S.   
                   
(2) Approximately 89% of cash as of March 31, 2016, 77% of cash as of December 31, 2015 and 76% of cash as of March 31, 2015 was located outside of the U.S. During 2016 and future years, the Company's foreign subsidiaries are expected to make approximately $175.0 million in payments in satisfaction of intercompany obligations. Certain other cash balances of foreign subsidiaries may be subject to U.S. or local country taxes if repatriated to the U.S. In addition, repatriation of some foreign cash balances is further restricted by local laws.  
   
(3) The Company has a $1.5 billion senior secured revolving credit agreement (the "Credit Agreement") which expires September 9, 2019.  The Credit Agreement is subject to a number of covenants, including a minimum Interest Coverage Ratio and a maximum Leverage Ratio, as defined and calculated pursuant to the Credit Agreement.  There were $145.0 million in borrowings under the Credit Agreement as of March 31, 2016. Based on the Company's results of operations for the twelve months ended March 31, 2016 and existing debt, the Company would have had the ability to utilize approximately $1.0 billion of the $1.5 billion Credit Agreement and not have been in violation of the terms of the agreement.  
                                   
                                   
                   
    March 31, 2016   December 31, 2015   March 31, 2015      
  Stated amount of the Credit Agreement $   1,500.0     $   1,500.0     $   1,500.0        
  Less: availability reduction from covenants     376.8         344.2         508.3        
  Total amount available     1,123.2         1,155.8         991.7        
                   
  Less: borrowings under the Credit Agreement     145.0         -          -         
  Impact on availability related to outstanding letters of credit     -          -          -         
  Availability under the Credit Agreement $   978.2     $   1,155.8     $   991.7        
                   

Contact Information

Investors:

Dave Gardella

SVP, Investor Relations 

312.326.8155

david.a.gardella@rrd.com

Source: RR Donnelley

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